…how I wonder what you are…

Twinkle, twinkle, little star
How I wonder what you are
Up above the world so high
Like a diamond in the sky
Twinkle, twinkle little star
How I wonder what you are

(hehe, ikutan nyanyi lagu ini juga seperti post kemarin)

“What you are”, or “what are you”? o_O

Kenapa posisi kata kerjanya terbalik?

Embedded Question

Kalau teman-teman ingat review tantangan 16.1 lalu, ada beberapa koreksi terkait kata tanya dalam anak kalimat, seperti ini:

I still don’t know what topic should I choose.
KoreksiI still don’t know what topic I should choose.

I don’t know what should I write.
Koreksi: I don’t know what I should write.

Saya dulu pernah ingat belajar tentang perubahan posisi kata kerja ini, jika kalimat tanya menjadi anak kalimat. Ternyata, setelah googling, istilahnya adalah Embedded Question (mohon dikoreksi jika kurang tepat 🙂 ). Berdasarkan sumber ini, “An embedded question is a question that is included inside another question or statement“; pertanyaan yang ada / menjadi bagian di dalam suatu kalimat lain (kalimat utama).Atau, sumber yang lain mendefinisikan begini: “Noun clauses which begin with a question word are also called Embedded Questions.”.

Aturan untuk menggunakan kata tanya pada klausa / anak kalimat, memang tidak menggunakan urutan kalimat tanya, tetapi menggunakan urutan kata tanya + subject + verb. Yuk lihat contoh-contohnya.

  1. What did she say? -> Let me tell you what she said.
  2. What topic should I choose? -> I don’t know what topic I should choose.
  3. When did he go home? -> Can you tell me when he went home?
  4. How did he do that? -> The magician will not tell us how he did that.

Jika pertanyaannya berupa “yes / no” question (pertanyaan yang tidak mengandung kata tanya what, who, where, dan sejenisnya), maka anak kalimat / embedded questionnya menggunakan kata if, whether, atau whether or not.

  1. Will you come tomorrow? -> I’m not sure if I will come tomorrow.
  2. Is she our new teacher? -> Do you know if she is our new teacher?
  3. Did they cheat? -> Nobody knows whether they cheated or not.

Semoga jelas ya 😀 .

Cara paling gampang untuk mengingat-ingat aturan ini, ya sambil mengingat lagu Twinkle-twinkle Little Star yang terkenal itu tadi :D.  Oya, ada satu lagi lagu jadul yang ampuh banget untuk mengingat aturan embedded question ini. Buat yang seangkatan saya (atau lebih senior 😀 ), selamat mengingat-ingat masa sekolah (atau kuliah? kerja? 😀 ) sambil denger lagu ini. Buat yang ga seangkatan, yuk kita dengerin lagunya 😀

I don’t care who you are
Where you’re from
What you did
As long as you love me…

😀

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